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Corporate Governance – portrayed in the individual cultural and legal framework, from the standpoint of equity capital.

VIPsight is a dynamic photo archive, sorted by nations and dates, by and for those interested in CG from all over the world.

VIPsight offers, every month:
transparent and independent current information / comments / facts and figures on corporate governance locally and internationally,

  • written by local CG experts,
  • selected and structured by the Club of Florence,
  • financed by its initiator VIP and other sponsors with a background of “Equity and Advisory” interests.

VIPsight International





Linde AG: Squeeze out planned

In order to facilitate the planned business combination, Linde AG and Praxair, Inc. agreed to implement a merger of Linde AG into Linde Intermediate Holding AG as the surviving entity in the event of a successful completion of the business combination. This move would help to simplify the group structure. Its implementation includes a squeeze out of the remaining minority shareholders of Linde AG against cash compensation and would only become effective in the event of a successful completion of the business combination.

Linde Intermediate Holding AG is a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of Linde plc. In the event of a successful completion of the business combination, Linde Intermediate Holding AG is expected to hold approximately 92% of the shares in Linde AG. To that end, Linde intermediate Holding AG will enter into negotiations with Linde AG regarding a merger agreement. An extraordinary shareholders´ meeting which would resolve the transfer of the shares of the remaining shareholders of Linde AG to Linde Intermediate Holding AG against adequate cash compensation would take place following the completion of the business combination.


Steinhoff International Holdings NV: Sale of Holding in Poco is on the way

According to an article in the German newspaper Handelsblatt, Steinhoff and the owner of the XXL Lutz furniture chain, Andreas Seifert, found a solution for the quarrel over the furniture retailer Poco at a meeting at the Regional Court of Dortmund. The settlement includes a sale of the shares in Poco previously held by Steinhoff to Seifert. In return for the 50% holding, Steinhoff will receive EUR 266.25 million. The transaction is still pending, subject to approval by the family trust of the founder of Poco, Peter Pohlmann.

According to the article, Steinhoff previously valued 100% of Poco at EUR 650 million, i.e. 50% equals EUR 325 million. The article does not say, however, whether this amount would be the book value of the Poco shares sold.


Fresenius SE & Co. KGaA: Merger agreement with Akorn terminated

On April 22nd Fresenius announced that it has decided to terminate the company´s merger decision with Akorn due to Akorn´s failure to fulfill several closing conditions. The announcement mentioned material breaches of FDA data integrity requirements relating to Akorn´s operations found during Fresenius´ independent investigation. According to the release, Fresenius offered to delay its decision in order to allow Akorn additional opportunity to complete its own investigation and present any information it wished Fresenius to consider, but Akorn has declined that offer. 

Akorn reacted with a lawsuit against Fresenius at the Court of Chancery in Delaware, for the consummation of the merger agreement. Here, it argues that Fresenius was obliged to close the transaction because all closing conditions of the merger agreement, except for the FTC clearance, were met. However, Fresenius confirmed that it believes that Akorn failed to fulfill several conditions, and that it will take all necessary and appropriate measures to vigorously contest the claims.

Following a first indication of problems with the planned USd 4.3 bn transaction in February this year, investors had become increasingly concerned. Akorn´s shares droppd by more than 35 percent on the announcement.